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Old 15th March 2011 #1
volix volix is offline
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Default Loa Loa Filariasis..Cacing Yang Hidup Di Mata Manusia

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LOA LOA FILARIASIS
Klasifikasi ilmiah Kerajaan : Animalia Filum : Nemathelmynthes Kelas : Nematoda Order : Spirurida Superfamili : Filarioidea Keluarga : Onchocercidae Genus : Loa Spesies : Loa loa

Sejarah
  • Kasus pertama infeksi Loa loa tercatat di Karibia (Santo Domingo) pada tahun 1770. Seorang ahli bedah Prancis bernama Mongin mencoba tetapi gagal untuk menghapus cacing yang lewat di mata seorang wanita. Beberapa tahun kemudian, pada 1778, ahli bedah Guyot Francois dapat melakukan pembedahan pada cacing di mata seorang budak dari Afrika Barat pada kapal Prancis ke Amerika.

  • Identifikasi microfilaria dibuat pada tahun 1890 oleh Stephen dokter mata McKenzie. Sebuah presentasi klinis umum loiasis, yang diamati pada tahun 1895 di pesisir kota Nigeria maka terciptalah nama Calabar swelling.

  • Pengamatan ini dibuat oleh seorang dokter mata Skotlandia bernama Douglas Argyll-Robertson, tetapi hubungan antara Loa loa dan Calabar swelling tidak disadari sampai tahun 1910 (oleh Dr Patrick Manson). Penentuan vektor lalat Chrysops diketahui pada tahun 1912 oleh British parasitologist Robert Thompson Leiper.

  • Nama Penyakit : Loa loa filariasis, loaiasis, Calabar swelling(Fugitiveswelling), Tropical swelling dan Afrika eyeworm
  • HP: Lalat Crysops silaceae dan C dimidiata
  • Daya hidup: 4-17 tahun
  • Distribusi: terbatas pada hutan dan tepi hutan di daerah katulistiwa afrika yang sering hujan

Loa loa adalah nematoda filarial yang menyebabkan loaiasis. Ini adalah bagian dari kelompok nematoda parasit filarial yang menyebabkan filariasis limfatik.
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Morfologi
  • Cacing dewasa hidup dalam jaringan sub kutan,
  • betina berukuran 50-70 mm x 0,5 mm
  • antan 30-34 mm x 0,35-0,43 mm. Cacing

  • Cacing betina mengeluarkan mikrofilaria yang beredar dalam darah pada siang hari (diurna).

  • Pada malam hari mikrofilaria berada dalam pembuluh darah paru-paru.

Nama Penyakit

Loa loa filariasis (juga dikenal sebagai loaiasis, Calabar swelling, Fugitive swelling, Tropical swelling dan Afrika eyeworm) penyakit mata yang disebabkan oleh cacing nematoda, loa loa.
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Gejala klinis

1. Menimbulkan gangguan di konjungtiva mata dan pangkal hidung dengan menimbulkan:
  • iritasi pada mata,
  • mata sendat, sakit,
  • pelupuk mata menjadi bengkak.
1. Pembengkakan jaringan yang tidak sakit

2. ensefalitis

Distribusi geografis

Distribusi geografis loaiasis manusia terbatas pada hutan hujan dan rawa kawasan hutan Afrika Barat, terutama di Kamerun dan di Sungai Ogowe. Manusia adalah satu-satunya reservoir alami. Diperkirakan 12-13 juta manusia terinfeksi larva Loa loa.

Siklus Hidup

Parasit ini ditularkan oleh lalat Chrysops. Mikrofilaria yang beredar dalam darah diisap oleh lalat dan setelah kurang lebih 10 hari di dalam badan serangga, mikrofilaria tumbuh menjadi larva infektif dan siap ditularkan kepada hospes lainnya. Cacing dewasa tumbuh dalam badan manusia dan dalam waktu 1 sampai 4 minggu mulai berkopulasi dan cacing betina dewasa mengeluarkan mikrofilarianya.
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Pengobatan
  • Penggunaan dietilkarbamasin (DEC) dosis 2 mg/kgBB/hari, 3 x sehari selama 14 hari
  • Pembedahan pada mata

PENCEGAHAN

1. Menghindari gigitan Lalat
2. Pemberian obt-obatan 2 bln sekali
3. Jangan sering-sering masuk hutan

Prognosis

Prognosis biasanya baik apabila cacing dewasa telah dikeluarkan dari mata dan pengobatan berhasil dengan baik.
Jangan lupa ndannya:courage:


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Old 15th March 2011 #2
yahooman yahooman is offline
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sebenarnya bagus ndan tapi sayang ga ada pict
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Old 15th March 2011 #3
xalongz xalongz is offline
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Originally Posted by yahooman View Post
sebenarnya bagus ndan tapi sayang ga ada pict

iyaa..pic cacing nya mana nih ndan..
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Old 15th March 2011 #4
dvd_game_online dvd_game_online is offline
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bagus info na ndan..

kok picture na nda nampak ndan..
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Old 15th March 2011 #5
bereketex bereketex is offline
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Originally Posted by yahooman View Post
sebenarnya bagus ndan tapi sayang ga ada pict
iya yaa gda pic nya
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Old 15th March 2011 #6
basta323VIP basta323 is offline
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iya yaa gda pic nya
Search Aja Di Mbah Google
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Old 15th March 2011 #7
mikhramM mikhramM is offline
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serem ihh..
amit amit dahh:deff:
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